Our journal maintains uninterrupted, double blind peer review, thorough and transparent publication policy that revolve around the Editor, the publisher, the author, the reviewer and the reader.


The responsibilities of the Editors .
1. The editors ensure that articles received via the secretariat are acknowledged.
2. The editor in Chief has the final decision as regards which article is publishable or not and which authors or reviewers may be sanctioned as regards cases of plagiarism, libel and copyright.
3. In keeping with the editorial policy every article is subjected to a double blind peer review policy whereby neither the reviewer nor the author knows one another..
4. The Editors must ensure that intellectual property of authors and writers are protected by all parties involved in the processing, production, and dissemination of the materials for the journal.
5. Short listing and acceptance of publishable articles shall be guided by the rule of the game which has no room for racial, ethnic, gender, religious, philosophical, national, and geographical and sex orientation bias. Every scholar must be allowed to play on equal intellectual terrain and level ground.
6. Authors have exclusive confidential preserve of their submitted manuscripts which are only meant for the consumption of only those involved in their short listing, processing and publication. This condition should apply until articles are deemed fit for publication and contributory to global knowledge. Rejected manuscripts are to be safely discarded and remain intellectual property of the authors.
7. Articles must be treated with urgency so as to avoid situations whereby authors wait and lose patience because they are kept in the dark as regards the status of their submissions. The likely consequence of which is double, redundant, concurrent and multiple publication of articles.

Responsibilities of the Reviewers. ,
1. Reviewers are to abide by all the principles of the double blind peer review. The review criticism should be purely objective and not personal even if the author takes a stand that is contrary to the reviewerís philosophy, modus vivendi and modus operandi. The reviewer remains anonymous to all except the editors or their secretary.
2. The reviewer has no right to the materials used by the author in his manuscript and should not copy and paste any part of it in his own research without acknowledgement.
3. The guidelines and editorial policy of the editorial board should be adhered to and the reviewer is not there as an elementary school teacher handling the authorís manuscript in a condescending, imposing, derogatory, sarcastic and discriminatory manner. The author should be courteously accorded all respect and confidentiality.
4. As partner in progress and stakeholder in the journalís business, the reviewer should alert the editor once instances of plagiarism, conflict of interest or vested interest rear their ugly heads up. The reviewer has right to decline reviewing any suspicious manuscript.
5. The reviewer should not just do a shabby work and go away with the reviewers fees.

Responsibilities of authors. .
1. To make sure that he is adding something new to knowledge via his statement of the problem and not just recycling, coping and pasting what others have already researched on.
2. To assure the global academic world that what he has put in writing are fruits of his independent and original research.
3. To ensure that his manuscript has not been published or is being evaluated elsewhere.
4. To give evidence of acknowledgement of cited or borrowed and /or permission for lifted diagrams, sketches, maps and sundry sources.
5. To alert the Editor as soon as there are needs for erratum, corrigendum, addendum, desiderata or serious omissions.
6. To respect religious, ethnic, racial, national and individual sensibilities and not to sacrifice these on the altar of academic, research and laboratory zeal.
7. To refuse research grants, subsidies, scholarship from agencies and governments which are conditioned on unethical publication.
8. To indicate sources of research grant so as to allow the global academic community know the interests involved.
9. Co-authorship must be based on equal research work apportioning. A situation where one author writes and adds the names of his friends, wife, boy- and girl friends, brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, husbands and colleagues for the purpose of academic assessment and promotion are objectionable. Worst cases will be where an author writes for another person, the so called RENTED Author.

Publishersí duties .
1. To ensure checks and balance on the status and roles of editors and other stake holders.
2. To dissolve editorial boards and replace editors who are not thorough and transparent.
3. To have printing and publishing companyís monitoring committee and not just print and publish for incomeís sake.

Duties of Readers .
Our readers are surely emancipated, scholarly and independent ones and as such they are stakeholders in the advancement of the journal and of global knowledge. They should showcase their receptionís theory by critically appraising our writings.

Sanctions .
Sanctions ranging from blacklisting of authors, reviewers, editors and publishers from professional bodies, banning of authors, to handing of culprits to higher authorities and law enforcement agencies are available as the case may be. But these may be applied after proper investigation.


Dr. Paul O. Obi-Ani.
Editor-in-Chief.